August 12, 2020

There are 3 main types of CBD on the market, and it's important to know the difference between them.

Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum and CBD Isolate

 

What is Full Spectrum CBD?

Full spectrum CBD means that it uses all of the phytochemicals; this includes cannabidiol along with terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids, which means THC. However, the THC content can still be under 0.3 percent.

Even though the THC content of the full spectrum CBD oil for sale is negligible, full-spectrum CBD can trigger a false positive drug test reading if you’re consuming high doses of it regularly. But you may never feel the psychoactive effects from the trace amounts of THC.

The active compounds extracted from hemp and placed inside of full spectrum CBD work together to enhance the benefits expressed by the individual cannabinoids. When these compounds and cannabinoids work synergically like this, they produce what’s called the entourage effect.

If your CBD says full spectrum, it had THC in it, which in Hong Kong is illegal.

What is the Entourage Effect?

The entourage effect refers to components working together to boost or intensify the benefits of industrial hemp. Other than CBD, full spectrum extracts will contain additional cannabinoids, including:

  • Cannabigerol (CBG) – a non-intoxicating cannabinoid produced from cannabigerolic acid during decarboxylation; it also contains antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Cannabidivarin (CBDV) – a minor cannabinoid with a molecular structure similar to that of CBD; its beneficial properties are widely unknown due lack of research.
  • Cannabidiol acid (CBDA) – the 2-carboxylic acid form of CBD and an essential ingredient; it’s known for its anti-inflammatory characteristics.

With full spectrum CBD, the added terpenes and cannabinoids can affect cannabinoid receptors – either blocking or allowing other cannabinoid molecules to bind or communicate with the connectors.

In a 2015 study, scientists concluded that full spectrum CBD provides better effects at higher doses because it uses compounds from the entire hemp plant rather than isolated CBD.

Participants from the study using full spectrum CBD reported more substantial relief in comparison to a CBD isolate.

What is a CBD Isolate?

A CBD isolate means pure CBD; it contains no other cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids. And even though pure CBD oil uses cannabidiol isolates exclusively, its extraction requires a great deal of additional work.

Earlier, it was briefly mentioned that the extracting process of raw hemp materials pulls out all of the active ingredients inside hemp, along with its terpenes and flavonoids. The extraction to isolate CBD from all the other cannabinoid compounds goes further than usual to ensure safe human consumption.

CBD isolates are the most concentrated form of CBD; a single isolate typically is up to 90 percent CBD – making it potent in CBD content but not necessarily having better or more beneficial attributes.

There’s no substantial risk of contracting an intoxicating high or euphoria with pure CBD oil, and it won’t register a positive drug test reading in comparison to full spectrum CBD. CBD isolates are also ideal for cooking or mixing with food and beverages.

But because CBD oil containing only CBD isolates doesn’t utilize the full hemp plant, it can’t offer the more extensive benefits created from the entourage effect.

What is Broad Spectrum CBD?

Like full spectrum, CBD oil labeled broad spectrum also uses cannabidiol with all the other compounds. However, there’s one active ingredient that gets removed after the extraction process – THC.

Broad spectrum CBD retains several of the different cannabinoids, such as CBD and CBG. And because broad spectrum also uses additional terpenes and flavonoids, it can generate the entourage effect without THC.

From a straightforward perspective, you could think of broad spectrum CBD as a combination of CBD isolate and full spectrum CBD. It uses compounds from the whole hemp plant minus the THC, so it also won’t cause any false positive drug readings.

Without THC content, broad spectrum CBD is particularly useful for people who want the benefits of full spectrum CBD without worrying about random drug tests or the legal implications of THC in your country - THC accumulating within their system from daily use is something that won't happen.

Why Should I Use Broad Spectrum CBD?

Broad spectrum CBD could be viewed as the best of both worlds in terms of CBD oils; like CBD isolate, broad spectrum has no risk of any psychoactive effects, but like full spectrum CBD, it also offers benefits from the entourage effect.

It’s most useful for people who might be sensitive to THC or those living in areas with strict THC regulations. – and it may be the best choice for people wanting to use CBD oil for the first time but held back due to warnings of THC.

It may also help with wellness conditions that require more than just CBD isolates but aren’t quite severe enough for trace amounts of THC.

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